Multitrack recording (MTR), multitracking, double tracking, or tracking is a sound recording method that has been developed in 1955. It is a method wherein separate recordings of multiple sound sources can be joined together in one track. As an overview, sound recording has been around even before the 1950s. However, in order for a track to be completed, musicians and singers will perform several times until they reach the right music synchronization that they need. Thus, the process has been very tedious and time-consuming. The good thing is that in the early 1950s, an individual named Les Paul started experimenting on sound recording.
After such has been successful, in 1954, Ampex, a company that manufactures recorders, was convinced to produce a three-track recorder for him. The product was the first ever multitrack recorder produced. It was designed to allow the user to playback and record the vocals and music in a synchronized manner. Users were also able delete and rerecord every track without the inconvenience of affecting the other tracks. In the 1960s, four-track recorders have been popularized and were used by popular musicians like Beatles and Beach Boys. Nowadays, people can already find modern and more sophisticated multitrack recorders that can synch or link 24, 48, and 72 tracks.
The analog or tape-based multitrack recorder works by storing audio signals that have been synchronized on a magnetized tape. Such recorded and stored sounds can then be played again after a while. The good thing about analog machines is that the sound recorded can become more colorful when the sound engineer or technician adjusts and plays with the different tone, volume, rhythm, range, and frequency settings or levels of the sound. The best thing that people love about analog types is that they produce tracks with better width-per-track ratios and speeds. As an overview, individuals who will be looking into analog recorders should understand that the label on the equipment which says track refers to the maximum number of recordings that can be synchronized by the machine. Tape width, on the other hand, is that one that has an effect on audio quality and number of tracks.
The digital multitrack equipment, on the other hand, depends on recorded digital data and hard disk-based systems. Such is accomplished with the help of a computer and audio recording software. Meaning, a digital audio workstation (DAW) uses a computer and software to record, edit, and mix sounds or audios. Additionally, the microphone’s audio interface is connected to the computer so that such can be achieved. Additionally, users can also choose to use a separate mixer and connect it to the computer. The only problem with using digital recorders is the reality that computers have crash tendencies. Thus, the recordings can also be corrupted. However, this type is preferred by many because of the elimination of background noises and other undesirable artefacts that usually affect tracks recorded using the analog types.
Nevertheless, no matter what type of multitrack recorders people choose to purchase, it is always best to consider their needs, budgets, and wants. People who need to buy one can see the best multitrack recorder at multitrackhq.com.